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Plant Lists

This guide organizes, categorizes and provides information about plants from the Maricopa Native Seed Library.

Blanketflower (Gaillardia sp.)

Other common names: Firewheel, Common Gaillardia, Great Blanketflower   

Difficulty level (when grown from seed): Easy

Picture of Blanket flower plant

Blanketflower, by Danielle Carlock.

Easy care, beautiful flowered plant recommended for all landscapes

TYPE SIZE FLOWERS GERMINATION CARE WILDLIFE BENEFITS EDIBLE OTHER

Perennial

2'X2'  

Orange/red/yellow
(May-Sept;
longer if given supplemental water)

Direct sow or scatter in Fall

Full or partial sun, low to medium water    

Special value to Native bees, birds eat seeds

No

A mixture of varieties have been included; flower colors may vary

Recommended use in the landscape:  Pairs well with plants with purple flowers such as Sages. Plant in small spaces where you are looking for long lasting, easy color.

For further information

Native North American Plant database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, 2020. Gaillardia aristata profile.  

SEINet. 2020. Gaillardia aristata profile.  

SEINet, 2020. Gaillardia pulchella profile.

 

 

 

Chocolate Flower (Berlandiera lyrata)

Other common names:  Chocolate Daisy, Chocolate Flower, Green-eyed Lyre Leaf, Greeneyes, Lyre-leaf

Difficulty level (when grown from seed):  Easy

 

Picture of chocolate flower plant

Chocolate flowers, by Danielle Carlock. 


Chocolate scented flowers are intoxicating

TYPE SIZE FLOWERS GERMINATION CARE WILDLIFE BENEFITS EDIBLE OTHER

Perennial

1'X2'  

Yellow
(Apr-Nov)

Direct sow or scatter seeds

Full or partial sun, low water once established   

Nectar

Flowers are edible

Long blooming time.

Reseeds in the landscape

May be grown in containers

Recommended use in the landscape:  To enhance the chocolate smell and be able to enjoy it the most, plant in mass near a walkway or patio.

For further information

Native North American Plant database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, 2020. Berlandiera lyrata profile.  

SEINet. 2020. Berlandiera lyrata profile.  

Southwest Desert Flora, 2020. Berlandiera lyrata profile.  

                                                         

 

 

 

 

Desert Marigold (Baileya multiradiata)

Other common names:  Showy Desert Marigold, Paper Daisy, Desert Baileya, Many-flowered Desert Marigold, (Spanish: Hierba Amarilla)

Difficulty level (when grow from seed):  Easy

 

 Desert marigold in bloom

Desert marigold, by Danielle Carlock.

 Long bloom time and extreme heat and drought tolerance make this plant a must-have

TYPE SIZE FLOWERS GERMINATION CARE WILDLIFE BENEFITS EDIBLE OTHER CAUTIONS

Perennial

 1'X1.5'

Yellow
(Mar-Nov)

Direct sow or scatter in Fall

Full sun, very low water     

Special value to native bees, Host plant for Desert marigold moth

No

Short lived, but tends to reseed

None

Recommended use in the landscape: Scatter seeds in hot, dry places that could use a bit of color.

For further information:

Native North American Plant database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, 2020. Baileya multiradiata profile.  

SEINet. 2020. Baileya multiradiata profile.    

Southwest Desert Flora, 2020. Baileya multiradiata profile.  

 

 

                                                         

 

 

 

Desert Penstemon (Penstemon pseudospectabilis)

Other common names:  

Canyon Beardtongue, Canyon Penstemon, Desert Beardtongue, Mohave Beardtongue, Mohave Penstemon, Rosy Desert Beardtongue, Rosy Desert Penstemon

Difficulty level (when grown from seed):  Easy

 

 Desert penstemon bloom

Desert penstemon, by Danielle Carlock.

There's nothing "pseudo" spectacular about this plant! The blooms are amazing and will attract hummingbirds

TYPE SIZE FLOWERS GERMINATION CARE WILDLIFE BENEFITS EDIBLE OTHER CAUTIONS

Perennial

 3'X3'

Fuchsia
(Mar-Jun)

Direct sow or scatter in Fall

Full sun, medium water

Special value to native bees, nectar, attracts hummingbirds

No

May reseed in the landscape

None

Recommended use in the landscape:  Can be massed for a stunning effect or placed where the blooms can be readily seen. Pairs nicely with yellow flowered plants such as Desert marigold (Baileya multiradiata) or Paralenna (Thymophylla pentachaeta). While not blooming this plant will be pretty unassuming so having other bloomers nearby would be desirable.

For further information

Native North American Plant database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, 2020. Penstemon pseudospectabilis profile

SEINet. 2020. Penstemon pseudospectabilis profile.  

Southwest Desert Flora, 2020. Penstemon pseudospectabilis profile

 

                                                         

 

 

 

Firecracker penstemon (Penstemon eatonii)

Other common names:  Eaton’s Penstemon, Firecracker beardtongue, Eaton’s firecracker

Difficulty level (when grown from seed): Easy (as long as planted in Fall)

Firecracker Penstemon plant   

Firecracker Penstemon, by Jeny Davis. Used with permission.

 Bright red flowers attract hummingbirds in this easy care plant

TYPE SIZE FLOWERS GERMINATION CARE WILDLIFE BENEFITS EDIBLE OTHER CAUTIONS

Perennial

3'X3'

Red
(May-Aug)

Direct sow or scatter in Fall  (if planting in Spring, requires 60 day stratification)

Full or partial sun, low to medium water once established   

Special value to native bees, nectar, attracts hummingbirds

No

None

None

Recommended use in the landscape:  Mass to attract hummingbirds. Pairs well with yellow colored flowers such as desert marigold or paralenna.

For further information

Native North American Plant database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, 2020. Penstemon eatonii profile.  

SEINet. 2020. Penstemon eatonii profile.  

 

 

 

Hollyhock (Alcea rosea)

Other common names:   Malva, Malva Flower, Malvae Arboreae Flos, Passerose, Rose Mallow, Rose de Mer, Rose Papale

Difficulty level (when grown from seed):  Easy

  Hollyhock in bloom

Hollyhock, Danielle Carlock,

  An old favorite, hollyhocks are a welcome addition to any garden 

TYPE SIZE FLOWERS GERMINATION CARE WILDLIFE BENEFITS EDIBLE OTHER

Perennial

 9'X2'

Shades of red, pink or white

Direct sow or scatter in Fall

Full or partial sun, medium water

Nectar, attracts butterflies, hummingbirds and bees, host plant for Painted lady butterflies

No

One of the few non-natives in the seed library, hollyhock was introduced to our area, but it is not invasive

Recommended use in the landscape:  One of the few non-natives in the seed library, hollyhocks lend beauty to any garden, including wildflower gardens or mixed plantings. Because of their height they will look best in the back of a planting. Hollyhocks are biennial, flowering in the second year and then will often reseed in the landscape, functioning like a perennial.

 

For further information

SEINet. 2020. Alcea rosea profile.

 

 

New Mexico Thistle (Cirsium neomexicanum)

Other common names: Desert Thistle, Foss Thistle, Lavender Thistle, Powderpuff Thistle, Utah Thistle (Spanish: Cardo Santo)

Difficulty level (when grown from seed): Easy

Black swallowtail nectaring at New Mexico thistle
New Mexico thistle, by Danielle Carlock. 

 Take a look at incorporating native thistle into your landscape. Thistles have been much maligned but our native thistle is one of the best plants to support our native bees and Monarch butterflies and the flowers are pretty spectacular

TYPE SIZE FLOWERS GERMINATION CARE WILDLIFE BENEFITS EDIBLE OTHER CAUTIONS

Perennial

4’X2’ can be much taller

Purple/white
/pink/lavender (Mar-Jul)

Direct sow or scatter seeds
in Fall

Full or partial sun, low water once established   

Nectar, special value to native bees and honeybees, host plant for Painted Lady butterflies. Heavily used by Monarch butterflies 

Large bottom leaves make an excellent salad green; young flower stalks and taproots also edible (Tull, 2013). 

Short lived, but reseeds in the landscape

Not generally available at nurseries

Prickly leaves; sensitive persons can develop contact dermatitis

Recommended use in the landscape:  As a tall, spindly plant, place in the back of plantings where the flowers can stand out but be out of the way.

For further information

Native North American Plant database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, 2020. Cirsium neomexicanum profile.  

SEINet. 2020. Cirsium neomexicanum profile.   

Southwest Desert Flora, 2020. Cirsium neomexicanum profile.  

Tull, D. 2013. Edible and useful plants of the Southwest. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

                                                         

 

 

 

Parry's Penstemon (Penstemon parryi)

Other common names: Parry’s beardtongue

Difficulty level (when grown from seed): Easy

 

Hummingbird nectaring at a Parry's penstemon plant

Parry's penstemon, by Danielle Carlock. 

The most common Penstemon in landscapes in our area; will attract a lot of hummingbirds

TYPE SIZE FLOWERS GERMINATION CARE WILDLIFE BENEFITS EDIBLE OTHER CAUTIONS

Perennial

 3'X3'

Pink
(Feb-Apr)

Direct sow or scatter in the Fall

Full sun, low water once established

Nectar, special value to native bees, attracts hummingbirds

No

Plants can be short lived but will reseed themselves

Some people find it weedy; it will reseed
and become common in your yard unless you pull up seedlings

Recommended use in the landscape:  Include in a wildflower garden or an area where there isn’t supplemental water. These plants are extremely tough, can live through summers with practically no supplemental water. The annual bloom is spectacular and well worth it just for the hummingbird observations. Plants become unassuming and blend into the background once they are no longer blooming.

For further information

Native North American Plant database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, 2020. Penstemon parryi profile.  

SEINet. 2020. Penstemon parryi profile.  

Southwest Desert Flora, 2020. Penstemon parryi profile.   

 

 

Sacred datura (Datura wrightii)

Other common names:   Angel's Trumpet, Devil's Weed, Indian-apple, Jimson Weed, Pricklyburr, Western Jimson weed, Sacred Thorn-apple, Sacred Thornapple, Thornapple (Spanish: Toloachè, Toloachè Grande, Tecuyaui, Belladona)

Difficulty level (when grown from seed):  Easy

  

Sacred Datura

 

The well known Sacred Datura plant, which has many ethnobotanical uses, is also a host plant for several species of moth and supports bees with nectar

TYPE SIZE FLOWERS GERMINATION CARE WILDLIFE BENEFITS EDIBLE OTHER CAUTIONS

Perennial

3'X6'

White
(May-Oct)

Direct sow or scatter in Spring

Full or partial sun, medium water

Host plant for the Pink spotted hawkmoth, Rustic sphinx moth, and Five spotted hawkmoth; nectar

No

May act as an annual

All parts are highly toxic

Recommended use in the landscape:  Place where the white, showy flowers can be admired, especially in the evening.

For further information

Native North American Plant database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, 2020. Sacred datura profile

SEINet, 2020. Sacred datura profile.

Southwest Desert Flora, 2020. Sacred datura profile

 

Tansy aster (Dieteria sp.)

Other common names:  Autumn tansyaster, aster, hoary aster, New Mexico tansy-aster, New Mexico tansyaster

Difficulty level (when grow from seed):  Easy

 

False fall tansy aster in bloom

Fall false tansy aster, by ezpixels. 

 

 With blooms that continue into October, fall tansy aster fills what is often a nectar void for bees and butterflies

TYPE SIZE FLOWERS GERMINATION CARE WILDLIFE BENEFITS EDIBLE OTHER

Perennial

 2'X2'

Purple/blue
(Mar-Oct)

Direct sow or scatter

Full or partial sun, low water once established   

Nectar, especially in the Fall when other plants aren't blooming

Host plant for hooded owlet moths and flower moths

No

May be short lived, but will reseed under favorable conditions

Not generally available at nurseries

 

Recommended use in the landscape:  Plant with wildflowers or mass for a nice effect. Will also work nicely interspersed in a cactus or succulent garden.

For further information

Native North American Plant database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, 2020. Dieteria asteroides profile

SEINet. 2020. Dieteria asteroides profile.  

SEINet. 2020. Dieteria canescens profile.